Navigating your way through building terminology

Building your dream home is an incredibly exciting, and usually a once-in-a-lifetime experience. It can also be a complex and confusing journey as you are likely not to have been through the experience before. Along with learning all sorts of new concepts, there will be a bunch of technical industry terms and lingo that you’ll also have to familiarise yourself with.

Below we have compiled a list of some of the more common terms you’ll likely encounter when purchasing house & land. Understanding a few of these terms will hopefully help you feel more at ease with the process.  

However, if ever you need clarification our friendly team here at Botania are always here to help.

Developer’s Guidelines – The Design Guidelines (DG’s) are a document that has been prepared to assist landowners and builders to achieve objectives surrounding building consistency. They cover design and materials requirements that are set out to support the quality and streetscape of the development to protect the amenity of the estate and the investment of the landowner.
These Design Guidelines may be amended on occasions at the developer’s discretion as they are subject to council approval and reflect changes in design trends or to coincide with the release of later stages. Landowners are required to submit their proposed building plans through the Design Review Committee (DRC) for approval which is assessed against the current version of the Design Guidelines. All applicants should review these Design Guidelines in conjunction with their land Contract of Sale. A copy can be found in both your contract of sale and is also available on our website here.

Setback/Building Line – Dwelling setbacks have been implemented to create articulated streetscapes. The Building line refers to a line parallel to the lot line and at a distance from the lot line to comply with the yard and setback requirements of the City Zoning Code, or any restriction on the lot which identifies a line on the lot as a building setback line. It also means the minimum distance a structure must be setback from a boundary.

Lot Number – The lot number refers to the identifying number the lot has been allocated before the Plan of Subdivision (POS) has been registered. Once the plan of subdivision has registered with the Titles Office, the street address takes over as the identifiable and legal name of the block.

Fill – Fill refers to the amount of earth that has been added to the lot or stage determined by engineers to guarantee the stability of your block.

Fall – Fall refers to the slope or gradient of the lot. 

Crossover – Also known as a driveway, this is the area where your property will interface with the street and footpath. You are not permitted to build on the crossover. 

Easement – An area of a property that indicates where sewage and drainage services are located, generally towards the rear of the block but can also run along the side of a property. This area must remain free from development to allow for ease of access to these services. There is usually a setback (see above definition) requirement in place surrounding an easement. 

Boundary – A line that divides one area from another such as a boarder. Also, this could be a side boundary which means the boundary of a Lot that runs between and connects the Primary Frontage of a Lot to the Rear Boundary of a Lot.  Or a construction boundary, the line beyond which the construction buildings and /or construction works must be within.

Recycled Water – Also referred to as Reclaimed Water this refers to treated or recycled wastewater of a quality suitable for non-drinkable uses such as landscape irrigation and water features. This water is not intended for human consumption.

Fibre to the Home – Is the Fibre Optic telecommunications cables connected to each home to ensure the delivery of the high speed broadband network to each home.  There are two main network connections being NBN and Opticomm depending on your estates’ connectivity location.

Soil Test– A soil test determines the quality and type of soil that your lot contains. The soil type and quality determine the type of foundation your house will require.  Your builder will take care of this when preparing for the construction of your home. A soil test may take place once a Stage has been granted Statement of Compliance (SOC).

Soil Test– A soil test determines the quality and type of soil that your lot contains. The soil type and quality determine the type of foundation your house will require.  Your builder will take care of this when preparing for the construction of your home. A soil test may take place once a Stage has been granted Statement of Compliance (SOC).

Soil Test– A soil test determines the quality and type of soil that your lot contains. The soil type and quality determine the type of foundation your house will require.  Your builder will take care of this when preparing for the construction of your home. A soil test may take place once a Stage has been granted Statement of Compliance (SOC).

Statement of Compliance (SOC) – Each Stage must undergo an approval process with the authorities and counci; to ensure it meets regulatory requirements. Once a Statement of Compliance has been achieved a stage can be lodged at the Titles Office.

Practical Completion (PC) – Practical Completiton signifies the completion of all major construction works. The construction team confirm the stage is ready for Statement of Complaince checks to begin.

Site Costs – refers to the cost of preparing your block of land for building. Site costs are dependent on the fall/fill and soil testing report of the block as this determines the engineering requirements for the foundations of the home.

Settlement – Is the official process that is carried out by both purchasers and vendor’s and their conveyancers/solicitors and financial institution on their behalf. At settlement, you as the purchaser, are required to pay the balance of the purchase price through your lender (being your loan) which enables you to take possession of the property. The property title is then transferred into your name as the legal owner of the property.

Lot Pegs – Also known as ‘survey pegs’ or ‘boundary pegs’ are placed at each corner of your lot to identify your land boundary from others. These are used throughout the valuation process and when your builder first begins construction on your block.

Valuation Inspection – Your elected financial institution will order a Valuation Inspection when you are in the final stages of finalising your loan application. Your elected financial institution performs an inspection of the lot to confirm its value. This occurs when the stage is in its Practical Completion (PC) phase. We will alert both you and your conveyancer when access is allowed to perform a valuation inspection.

Anticipated Title – The expected or likely date a stage will receive title registration from the Titles Office. 

Titled vs Untitled Land- Titled means the land is officially registered with the Titles Office. This process involves creating individual titles for each house block (or street addresses). The parcel of land that houses your stage changes from being listed under one title (the developer) to having many titles (you and your neighbours). Once the land has titled, you may begin construction of your home.

Conversely, Untitled land is unregistered land that is sold off the plan while construction of the land is yet to be completed and before it can be registered with the Titles Office. Untitled Land can be presold at varying times before the anticipated title date and is usually presold between 12 – 18 months from the anticipated title date. The longer the sell date is from the anticipated title date, the more time you have to save, decide on your builder and finalise your building plans and permit.

Small Lot Housing Code: also known as SLHC –  Lots that are less than 300m2 fall into SLHC requirement.  The code was introduced to remove the need for a planning permit with a clear set of house design and siting standards including requirements for setbacks, building height, provision for car parking and private open space, overlooking/over shadowing and building articulation that are required to be met.

Depending on each council, the SLHC has been split into Type A and Type B.  This is to allow maximum use of your lot. Please see below image for further explanation.

The Botania Sales Team are happy to help by answering any queries you may have as you embark on your building journey and wish to make it as simple, easy and exciting as it should be.

If you wish to speak to our sales team,  please feel free to reach out on either of the following methods:

Call today on 1300 888 182 or email

End of Year Construction Wrap Up

The end of the year is fast approaching, and it has been a busy one at Botania.

Below we recap what milestones we have achieved throughout the year and provide an update on the construction progress of your stages. 

We cannot believe we are currently selling our final stage with only a few final lots remaining. If you know someone who would like to join the Botania community, tell them to get in quick! You can view our final remaining lots here all with a bonus $5,000 Landscaping Incentive included. 

2022 started on a high for Botania with the opening of its first local park, Friendship Place Park. The park has been a welcome addition to the community and a much-loved feature as soon as council gave us the go ahead and the temporary fencing came down. The bright green custom-built tower with two slides and is over 7m high, making it visible around the community, and definitely adds to the excitement as you pull up for a play on the equipment, a kick on the open grassed area, or for a BBQ with friends and family.  

Construction work continued around the community and the most memorable was definitely the humongous and seriously coordinated construction effort of the culvert. Within the Botania community, all residents will have access to a picturesque waterway reserve connected to Kororoit Creek. This waterway, running through the centre of the community, inadvertently separates the Botania community into two portions.  The culvert, or bridge, will reconnect the halves as it allows water in the waterway to flow underneath, whilst traffic and residents pass over on top. If you missed the culvert update earlier in the year, you can find it here alongside some drone footage of the construction process.  

Botania also welcomed its first builder to its Display Village this year with two brand new display homes by award-winning, premier builder, Mimosa Homes. The Botania Display Village will feature 12 homes by 6 builders, with more homes opening next year.  If you’d like to find out more information about the two Mimosa display homes, you can visit Saturday to Wednesday or take a sneak peak at the homes here

Read on below for a stage-by-stage progress report on the works occurring in your community.

Stages 4 & 5

Stages 4 & 5 will be the next stages within the Botania community to welcome new residents who can begin settling and construction of their own homes in the new year.

Currently in the final stages of construction with Kerb and Asphalt works continuing, the layers of the road network are now in place and the construction team have plenty of concrete to lay as the kerbs and channel (or gutter system) are added at the correct road levels and then finally asphalt, which can be seen on the finished surface. Once complete the construction team will install Electrical & Telecommunications for ease of access for authorities to manage these services in the future.

Stage 4 Kerb and Asphalt works

Construction is forecast to be completed late Quarter 1 before Practical Completion is awarded and Statement of Compliance testing and approvals can be issued from the authorities. To all future Stage 4 & 5 residents, we will keep you updated on this process and what is required from you as we get closer to titles in the new year.

Stage 5 Kerb and Asphalt works

Stages 6 & 7

Sewer works have recently been completed in Stage 6 and drainage works have commenced. The drainage works will involve the construction of all stormwater pipes and pits throughout the stage that will allow the safe draining of all stormwater away from all house lots preventing flooding. The road network has now been outlined throughout both stages and the construction team will continue to prepare the ground and start to construct the lower layers of the road pavement. Sewer works are currently underway  in Stage 7.

Stage 8 is our final stage at Botania and bitter sweetly is also now underway.

Council and the authorities have accepted all plans including engineering design to allow physical works to commence on site. That means our construction crew have been given the green light to head to site and begin preliminary works on Botania’s final stage.

These works include organising the construction crew and setting up the building site with all the correct health and safety measures in place.

Civil construction can then kick off with the next round of tasks including setting up temporary fencing and performing a general clean-up of the site before civil earthworks begin. This also involves the demolition of the existing house that remained from the previous owners.

Stage 8 Preliminary Works

The above preliminary works are well underway, and our team are looking forward to commencing earthworks in stage 8 shortly.

Botania is geared for another big year in 2023 with 4 stages due to title. We are looking forward to focusing on the delivery of these stages throughout the year and welcoming many new residents to the Botania community. 

The Botania Construction Team will be taking a well-earned break over the holiday season and will be back on-site continuing work on your community mid-January. 

Stay tuned for more updates in the new year!

 To keep up-to-date with the very latest construction and community news, be sure to like us on Facebookfollow us on Instagram and look out for the monthly construction portal update post that will allow you to monitor your stages’ construction progression.